Dermatologist-Approved Melasma Treatments
What is Melasma?
Melasma is a common dermatological condition in which the skin has dark patches in sun exposed areas. It is due to hormones, pregnancy, heat, and sun exposure. There is no cure, but there are lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk. Melasma is not harmful, but many people do find it to be a cosmetic nuisance.
Thankfully, there are numerous treatment options that are easy-to-use and practical. A combination of lightening and exfoliation products, along with sun protection can be helpful for some types of melasma. We always recommend consulting with a Dermatology provider to confirm the condition you are dealing with and rule out other possible conditions and causes.
Consistent Use of Sunscreen
The first step is a daily sunscreen application. The best sunscreen for melasma is one containing iron oxides (typically a tinted zinc-based sunscreen) because it offers HEV protection.
Revision Skincare Original Intellishade SPF 45 Tinted Moisturizer - Provides make-up like coverage
EltaMD UV Elements Broad-Spectrum SPF 44 Tinted - Recommended for Dry Skin Types
PCA Skin Sheer Tint Broad Spectrum SPF 45 - Recommended for Oily Skin Types
EltaMD UV Physical Broad-Spectrum SPF 41 Tinted - Recommended for Dry or Oily Skin Types
Glycolic Acid Treatments
Glycolic Acid is great for combating hyperpigmentation that can occur from hormonal surges. Glycolic acid is an Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) that is safe to use during pregnancy. It's important to note that inflammation is the enemy with pigmentation so incorporating these ingredients and products slowly to minimize irritation is key.
SkinMedica AHA/BHA Exfoliating Cleanser - Recommended for Oily Resistant (Not Sensitive) Skin Types
ClarityRx Cleanse As Needed 10% Glycolic Cleanser - Recommended for All Skin Types (except Sensitive Skin)
Glytone Mild Cream Cleanser - Appropriate for Dry Skin Types
Lightening ingredients work in a variety of ways to inhibit pigmentation in your skin cells. Some skin lightening ingredients to look for in brightening serums are Vitamin C, kojic acid, Niacinamide, azelaeic acid, arbutin and tranexamic acid.
Antioxidants provide your skin in added defense from free radicals. These are crucial in any anti-aging and pigmentation skincare routine.
Retinoids is a powerhouse ingredient for a comprehensive regimen for melasma. However, retinoids are not recommended if you are breastfeeding or pregnant. To avoid irritation, start these products slowly.
While knowing your specific skin types is key when creating a skincare regimen, these are dermatologist recommended products to treat melasma. A sample regimen for melasma would look something like this: